re: Flock Realty advertisement, Urban Times, October 2017
Full image of ad below. See also “Dear Neighbor,” a letter from Meredith Brickell, HLP founder and leader, about the ad.
Bedoya, Roberto. “Spatial Justice: Rasquachification, Race and the City.” Creative Time Reports. N.p., 10 Oct. 2014. Web. <http://creativetimereports.org/2014/09/15/spatial-justice-rasquachification-race-and-the-city/>.
Emerging from ongoing conversations about placemaking, Bedoya explores the tension between the cultural sensibility of rasquache and Lipsitz’s idea of the “white spatial imaginary.” He explores existing power structures that favor the dominant white culture and the role of cultural aesthetics.
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. “The Case for Reparations.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, June 2014. Web. <http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/
A comprehensive study of the racist housing practices and policies in this country that have systematically prevented African Americans from acquiring personal wealth through homeownership. Coates spends a fair amount of time on the Contract Buyer’s League, a group of African American families in Chicago who were exploited via contracts to buy homes after they were shut out of conventional and regulated mortgage opportunities available to whites.
Desmond, Matthew. “Forced Out.” New Yorker Feb. 2016: n. pag. The New Yorker. Web. <http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/02/08/forced-out>.
Desmond reports about the housing problems, especially the punishing pattern of evictions, faced by tenants in Milwaukee’s low income neighborhoods. The story offers perspectives and insights from not only the tenants, but also landlords, law enforcement, and the legal system.
Ferguson, Isis. “The Principles of Ethical Redevelopment.” Common Edge. N.p., 10 Mar. 2016. Web. <http://commonedge.org/the-principles-of-ethical-redevelopment/>.
Ferguson considers the complex relationship between the arts and redevelopment efforts. She identifies “9 Principles of Ethical Redevelopment” that have emerged from Place Lab, an interdisciplinary initiative led by Theaster Gates at the University of Chicago, where she works.
Frank, Thomas. “Dead End on Shakin’ Street.” The Baffler. N.p., 10 May 2017. Web. <https://thebaffler.com/salvos/dead-end-on-shakin-street>.
Frank challenges the effectiveness of many municipalities recent pursuit of “vibrant” places. He contests that this desired vibrancy is not measurable, equitable, or proven to be effective, yet, it is what many cities are chasing as a means of survival.
Lipsitz, George. How Racism Takes Place. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2011. Print.
Lipsitz studies how contemporary places are the result of historical and present day racism, resulting in fewer opportunities for those limited to some spaces and distinct advantages for others who move more freely. He explains how the “white spatial imaginary” dominates our society and the ways that the “black spatial imaginary” counters this dominance.
Modrak, Rebekah. “Bougie Crap: Art, Design and Gentrification by Rebekah Modrak.” Bougie Crap: Art, Design, and Gentrification. ∞ Mile Detroit, Nov. 2016. Web. <http://infinitemiledetroit.com/Bougie_Crap_Art,_Design_and_Gentrification.html>. Modrak explores the emergence of “bougie crap” as an early indicator of gentrification. She critiques these goods, which she defines as “expensive consumables that evidence wealth, power and discriminating taste,” as a physical manifestation of the ongoing exploitation of low income communities.
“White Flight and Reclaimed Memories.” We Live Here. St. Louis Public Radio, 18 Oct. 2017. Web. <https://www.welivehere.show/posts/2017/10/18/white-flight-and-reclaimed-memories>.
A podcast episode based in St. Louis that tells the personal stories of two women who grew up in the same neighborhood in different decades. One woman’s family left the neighborhood in the era of redlining and white flight; the other watched her community falter as a result of the systematic disinvestment of the area. Both women communicate the tremendous loss they feel as a result.